It is no secret that high blood pressure constitutes a serious risk of heart disease. Of course, low blood pressure comes with its own collection of health problems including dizziness, light-headedness and fatigue. Either way, it is important for women to know which blood pressure levels are considered normal. In the same breath, women need to know how to lead a healthy, balanced lifestyle in order to keep their blood pressure (arterial pressure) where it should be.
While it may be possible to develop hypertension irrespective of age, women are urged to remember that the risk increases with every passing year. Most research indicates that 65 is the cut-off age for a higher risk. This does not, however, exempt younger women from leading healthier lifestyles.
Normal arterial pressure for women is meant to rank at 120/80. This means that, ideally, the systolic number should be 120 or below. The systolic number measures your actually heartbeat, and the force that your blood exerts on the walls of your arteries. The diastolic number should be 80 or less. This number measures the pressure on your artery walls in between each heartbeat. If the systolic number is above 140 or the diastolic number is above 90, you will be considered as an “at risk”patient. On the flip side, arterial pressure of 90/60 is considered to be too low and should therefore require treatment as well.
Generally, any women who have borderline hypertension or pre-hypertension should have check-ups done at least once a year. Any systolic number from 120 to 139 and any diastolic number between 80 and 89 will most definitely be counted as “borderline”. Potential hypertension patients need to have check-ups done regularly so that the appropriate medication can be administered if necessary. There are some women who assume that their normal blood pressure rating exempts them from having regular check-ups. However, a check-up once every five years is still necessary for these individuals.
Hypertension is surprisingly easy to trigger, which is why women with normal pressure ranges still need to keep an eye on their lifestyles. In order to maintain normal pressure, it is important for you to reduce the amounts of cholesterol-rich foods in your diet. Regular exercise is also a must; though there is no need for exercise routines to be particularly strenuous. High levels of stress can also contribute to hypertension, so it is important to focus on finding time to relax.
It is important to note that your weight has a direct effect on your arterial pressure. Women with a lower body mass index are less likely to suffer from hypertension. The equation is simple: the more you way, the higher your risk levels will be. There is hope, however. Losing a small amount of 10 pounds is enough to significantly reduce the pressure within your arterial walls to a point where it becomes normalized.
It should come as no surprise that your hormones can have a direct effect on your blood pressure as well. Certain forms of birth control, oral contraceptives in particular, tend to cause elevated pressure within the arteries. If your family has a history of high blood pressure, or if you suffered from this condition previously, it may be best to look into alternative forms of contraception. Pregnancy can also cause pre- or hypertension, which is why it is important to remain as stress-free as possible during these 9 months of your life.
Normal blood pressure is something that you cannot afford to take for granted. The good news is that abnormal blood pressure levels are easily controlled, provided that regular check-ups are done by a medical professional.